Grants - Translational Grants - Florida - 2017

Duane Mitchell, M.D., Ph.D.

Funded by the Dick Vitale Gala

Brain cancer is now the leading cause of cancer‐related death in children, due to the significant improvements in outcomes for children with more common cancers such as leukemia. This research proposal advances a novel immunotherapy treatment for medulloblastoma (MB), the most common malignant brain tumor in children. We have pioneered a treatment platform for pediatric brain tumors  called adoptive cellular immunotherapy, which involves expanding tumor‐reactive ‘killer T cells’ to large  numbers outside of a patient and delivering these potent immune cells back to children with resistant  brain tumors. This approach is currently undergoing evaluation in first‐in‐human clinical trials at our center. This project will advance this platform into a next generation approach that uses genomic technology to identify patient‐specific antigens expressed in medulloblastoma tumors and specifically isolate and expand T cells recognizing these unique tumor targets (called neoantigens). If the objectives of this study are met, we will be able to significantly enhance the specificity and potency of an already promising platform and rapidly translate our findings into innovative clinical trials for children battling  brain cancer.