Grants - North Carolina - Designated Grants - 2016

Michael Kastan, M.D., Ph.D.

Funded by Genentech and matched funds from the V Foundation

The Duke Cancer Institute and the College of Veterinary Medicine at N.C. State University formed a Comparative Oncology Consortium (COC), taking advantage of their expertise and national leadership in their respective disciplines and their geographic proximity. The goals are to collaborate in pre-clinical and clinical cancer research activities in order to advance our understanding of both cancer causation (a high incidence of specific cancers in specific dog breeds provides opportunities to identify new cancer susceptibility genes and environmental factors in cancer causation) and of behaviors and genetics of specific tumor types, as well as to coordinate clinical trials in humans and canines so that novel therapies can be tested in both settings, with information gained in one setting informing the other. In addition to response outcomes of these cancer therapies, the ability to use biomarkers and pharmacology in the canine models can be a novel addition to the characterization of these new cancer therapies and these insights could result in significant enhancements of clinical trial designs (including dosing, scheduling, and combination therapies) when these treatments are tested in human clinical trials. Cost savings and improved clinical trials design would help encourage pharmaceutical companies to use the canine models as part of the assessment process and would benefit the canine patients by giving them access to these novel therapies.

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